Endoscopy is an imaging modality that allows us to evaluate soft tissue structures of the upper respiratory tract, such as the nasal passages, throat, guttural pouches, and trachea by passing a small tube through the horse’s nose and into the desired area. These images allow us to visualize the airway as the horse breaths and can be used to diagnose respiratory issues and disease.
At B.W. Furlong & Associates, we offer upper airway endoscopy in the field using one of our portable fiber optic endoscopes as well as upper airway endoscopy and gastroscopy using videoendoscopy in our hospital.
Nuclear Scintigraphy is commonly referred to as a “bone scan,” and is used to evaluate complex lameness cases. The most common use of a bone scan is in those cases in which nerve blocks fail to localize a lameness, or in which lameness is localized but x-ray findings are negative. Under light sedation, the horse is injected with a rapidly-decaying radioactive isotope that circulates through the body and attaches to areas in which bones are actively remodeling. A scintillation camera and computer then measure the radiation that has temporarily bonded to limbs or vertebrae, discovering what is referred to as “hot spots.” A bone scan can often find a hot spot in its earliest stages, before a lesion has developed sufficiently to appear on x-ray, and when treatment can be most effective.
Radiography & Ultrasonography
Radiography and ultrasonography are two of the staples of veterinary medicine, and B.W. Furlong & Associates has been using these practices for years. The clinic was one of the first in the northeast to ever begin using digital radiography. Our portable digital radiography units can be used throughout our hospital and off site to obtain high quality images without stressing the horse or furthering an injury during transport. Our in-house radiography unit allows for penetration of larger areas such as the neck, back, and abdomen. Aside from the quicker turnaround time, our state-of-the-art equipment allows an image to be immediately archived and digitally shared to any other practice around the world. All of the veterinarians here at B.W. Furlong & Associates are very experienced in both the taking of digital radiographs and in their evaluation. We also have the ability to consult with board certified radiologists and surgeons.
Ultrasonography allows our veterinarians to visualize various soft tissue structures, diagnose their injuries, and monitor their healing progress. It is also a valuable tool in monitoring the mare’s reproductive cycle, detection of pregnancy, and progression of fetal health and development. Cardiac evaluation, including echocardiography, can be performed using our cutting-edge ultrasound equipment.
Since its inception in 2004, Equine MRI of NJ has become the busiest magnet in the United States, serving over 200 patients a year. Each study is performed using sedation, which eliminates the need for general anesthesia and the risks associated with it. MRI is the best modality to evaluate the foot (the source of 80% of lameness), and is also a useful tool to evaluate up through the fetlock and proximal suspensory regions. MRI is the gold standard to evaluate bone and soft tissue injuries, navicular structures, and certain small ligaments, such as the collateral ligaments of the coffin joint. The superior detail of soft tissues and bone images via MRI provides superior cross-sectional views of the affected anatomy in multiple planes. All MRI studies results are sent to your veterinarian quickly and full studies are instantly available to referring veterinarians online.